Shading & Texture
The Major Bones of the Skeleton
This diagram shows some of the major recognizable bones of the skeleton.
Follow this link to another Leonardo da Vinci skeleton sketch.
Questions or comments can be forwarded to Ralph Larmann at the University of Evansville.
The Major Bones
- The skull has the same proportions as the head. One can find the eye sockets halfway between the top of the head and the chin.
- The collar bone (clavicle) protrudes enough that it is easy to see when drawing the figure.
- The shoulder blades (scapulae) are also easy to discern in the upper half of the back. The shoulder blades are important to activate and add interest to the back which has very subtle variations.
- The breastbone (sternum) is the middle dividing area of the chest.
- The top edge of the pelvic bone (iliac crest) shows up to give an indication of the placement of the legs and lower torso.
- The knee (patella) and ankle bone (inferior extremity of the tibia) both protrude enough for careful observation.